The amount of waste gas generated in industry is gigantic. In order not to leave this carbon source unused, the Fraunhofer project “SyngasFerm“ is converting these carbon-containing waste gases into materials in order to develop other products from them. To this end, the gases are fermented into alcohols and acetone, which, in turn, can be catalytically converted into high-quality fuel components for diesel and even kerosene. The products produced in this way can be used as fuel as well as for the production of special chemicals, e.g. amines. Amines, for example, are used in plastics processing, the pharmaceutical industry and in the manufacture of surfactants and dyes. The synthesis route developed in the project not only closes cycles in the chemical industry. It also represents a sustainable alternative for the production of fuels and specialty chemicals to processes that use crude oil as a source of raw materials. In addition to waste gases from industry, syngas-like gas mixtures from domestic and industrial waste incineration can also be used for the developed process.